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Tottington Primary School follows the Letters & Sounds Programme for the teaching and learning of Phonics.

Letters & Sounds is a Phonics Programme produced by the DfE in 2007 and it aims to build children's speaking and listening skills whilst preparing children to learn to read through the development of their phonic knowledge.

Letters & Sounds is a systematic programme of planned phases for teaching phonic skills to children. This starts during the Early Years Foundation Stage, with the aim of producing fluent readers by the time they leave Year 2.

Below is an outline of the phases and when they are taught in our school.

Phase 1 (Nursery) In Phase 1, the activities are split into seven aspects which include Environmental Sounds, Instrumental Sounds, Body Sounds, Rhythm and Rhyme, Alliteration, Voice Sounds and Oral Blending and Segmenting.

Phase 2 (Reception) In Phase 2 The children learn 19 letters of the alphabet with one sound (phoneme) for each letter. The children begin to blend sounds together to make words and learn to segment words into separate sounds. The children also start to read simple captions.

Phase 3 (Reception) The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet are taught, one sound (phoneme) for each letter. Graphemes such as sh, ng, oi, are taught as they represent the remaining phonemes which are not covered by single letters. The children read captions, sentences and questions.

Phase 4 (Year 1) There are no new phonemes or graphemes taught in this phase. Children recap prior learning and learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants e.g. swim, clap

Phase 5 (Year 1) The children now move onto the 'complex code.' Children learn that there are more graphemes for phonemes (ways to write the sounds) and that there are different ways to pronounce the phonemes they have already learnt.

Phase 6 (Year 2) Phase 6 has a clear focus on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters.

The Phonics Screening Check.

The Phonics Screening Check is an assessment at the end of Year 1 to confirm whether individual children have learnt phonetic decoding to an appropriate standard. It enables schools to identify children who need additional help, so ensure they are given support to improve their reading skills. Children who do not 'pass' the check in Year 1 are able to retake it in Year 2.

It is a Statutory Requirement to carry out the screening check.

The check is a short, simple screening check which consists of a list of 40 words and pseudo words (non-words), which the child reads one-to-one with their class teacher.

The Phonics Screening Check takes place in June.